Maro Publications

Coatings: Paint: Methods


Patent Abstracts

Patent Titles

from 8/5/2013

Maro Encyclopedia

Coatings: Paint


Patent Titles

For earlier US Patent titles, go to Sorted Patents /Coatings/Paint Methods.


Apparatus for cleaning paint rollers and brushes

Paint roller assembly


Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces 


Methods of manufacturing paint roller covers from a tubular fabric sleeve 


Painting robot 


Paint dispensing nozzle arrangement 


21. 8,597,752 
Repositionable self stick paint swatch for testing samples of paints on a wall 

20. 8,596,898 
Paint roller assembly 

19. 8,596,597 
Paint roller support device 

18. 8,595,883 
Paint brush with perpendicular handle and interchangeable brush heads 


17. 8,584,898 
Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces 

16. 8,584,304 
Paint pad and paint pad tray assembly 


15. 8,568,016 
Mobile paint system utilizing slider attribute prompts and reflectance memory storage 

14. 8,566,999 
Extension for paint brush handle 


13. 8,550,377 
Paint spraying device for spraying various-colored paints 

12. 8,550,376 
Paint sprayer 


11. 8,545,943 
Painting device, painting arrangement, method for painting a curved surface of an object, and use of an inkjet device for painting an aircraft 

10. 8,545,600 
Method for the deposition of paint overspray, and deposition liquid 


6. 8,529,148 
Painting device 

5. 8,528,776 
Paint rim magnetic brush holder 


4 8,524,330 
Method and apparatus for paint curing 


3. 8,505,788 
Detachable handle for a portable paint and brush container 


2. 8,496,024 
Paint circulation system with coiled back pressure regulator 


1. 8,418,308 
Grid paint dipper 



"Paint can be applied as a solid, a gaseous suspension (aerosol) or a liquid. Techniques vary depending on the practical or artistic results desired.

As a solid (usually used in industrial and automotive applications), the paint is applied as a very fine powder, then baked at high temperature. This melts the powder and causes it to adhere to the surface. The reasons for doing this involve the chemistries of the paint, the surface itself, and perhaps even the chemistry of the substrate (the object being painted). This is called "powder coating" an object.

As a gas or as a gaseous suspension, the paint is suspended in solid or liquid form in a gas that is sprayed on an object. The paint sticks to the object. This is called "spray painting" an object. The reasons for doing this include:

 The application mechanism is air and thus no solid object touches the object being painted;

 The distribution of the paint is uniform, so there are no sharp lines;

 It is possible to deliver very small amounts of paint;

 A chemical (typically a solvent) can be sprayed along with the paint to dissolve together both the delivered paint and the chemicals on the surface of the object being painted;

 Some chemical reactions in paint involve the orientation of the paint molecules.

In the liquid application, paint can be applied by direct application using brushes, paint rollers, blades, other instruments, or body parts such as fingers and thumbs.

Rollers generally have a handle that allows for different lengths of poles to be attached, allowing painting at different heights. Generally, roller application requires two coats for even color. A roller with a thicker nap is used to apply paint on uneven surfaces. Edges are often finished with an angled brush.

 Using the finish flat one would most likely use a 1/2" nap roller

 Using the finish eggshell one would most likely use a 3/8" nap roller

 Using the finish satin or pearl one would most likely use a 3/8" nap roller

 Using the finish semi-gloss or gloss one would most likely use a 3/16" nap roller

After liquid paint is applied, there is an interval during which it can be blended with additional painted regions (at the "wet edge") called "open time." The open time of an oil or alkyd-based emulsion paint can be extended by adding white spirit, similar glycols such as Dowanol (propylene glycol ether) or open time prolongers. This can also facilitate the mixing of different wet paint layers for aesthetic effect. Latex and acrylic emulsions require the use of drying retardants suitable for water-based coatings.

Paint application by spray is the most popular method in industry. In this, paint is atomized by the force of compressed air or by the action of high pressure compression of the paint itself, and the paint is turned into small droplets which travel to the article which is to be painted. Alternate methods are airless spray, hot spray, hot airless spray, and any of these with an electrostatic spray included. There are numerous electrostatic methods available.

Dipping used to be the norm for objects such as filing cabinets, but this has been replaced by high speed air turbine driven bells with electrostatic spray. Car bodies are primed using cathodic elephoretic primer, which is applied by charging the body depositing a layer of primer. The unchanged residue is rinsed off and the primer stoved.

Many paints tend to separate when stored, the heavier components settling to the bottom, and require mixing before use. Some paint outlets have machines for mixing the paint by shaking the can vigorously for a few minutes.

The opacity and the film thickness of paint may be measured using a drawdown card.

 Water-based paints tend to be the easiest to clean up after use; the brushes and rollers can be cleaned with soap and water.

Proper disposal of left over paint is a challenge. Sometimes it can be recycled: Old paint may be usable for a primer coat or an intermediate coat, and paints of similar chemistry can be mixed to make a larger amount of a uniform color.

To dispose of paint it can be dried and disposed of in the domestic waste stream, provided that it contains no prohibited substances (see container). Disposal of liquid paint usually requires special handling and should be treated as hazardous waste, and disposed of according to local regulations."

 (Paint Methods, Wikipedia, 8/5/2013)


Patent Abstracts


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(RDC 7/16/2012)


Roger D. Corneliussen

Maro Polymer Links
Tel: 610 363 9920
Fax: 610 363 9921


Copyright 2013 by Roger D. Corneliussen.
No part of this transmission is to be duplicated in any manner or forwarded by electronic mail without the express written permission of Roger D. Corneliussen

* Date of latest addition; date of first entry is 8/5/2013.