For earlier US Patent titles, go to Sorted Patents /Medical /Dental /Dental Implants.
Connection of a prosthesis structure with an implant structure
Dental implant and production method for said implant
Process for fabrication of a dental implant restoration system
Dental implant and method of implantation
Jigs for placing dental implant analogs in models and methods of doing the same
Systems and methods for reconditioning implants in situ
Implant, in particular dental implant
System and method for manufacturing a dental implant surgical guide
Method and apparatus for measuring a location and orientation of a plurality of implants
CT-based, side-loading surgical and laboratory dental implant guide system and method
Implant with structure for securing a porous portion
Dental implant for a jaw with reduced bone volume and improved osseointegration features
Bone powder filling tool for dental implant
Hydrogel implants with varying degrees of crosslinking
Implant repair system and method
Dental implant with interlocking and centering threads
Quick dental implant kit
Holding piece for an implant
Method for manufacturing dental implant
Dental implant having a recessed surface for sealing
Dental implant system
Method of dental implant restoration
Expandable dental implant with improved mechanical retention
Dental implant system
Dental implant system and method for implantation and construction of the implant system
Dental implant system
“Traditional removable partial dentures, i.e., the replacement of a relatively few missing teeth with prosthetic teeth, have been secured in the mouth by means of relatively rigid wire or other metal attachments extending from the dentures and removably attached to adjacent teeth. Removable full dentures, which replace all or nearly all of the mandibular or maxillary teeth, have traditionally been adhesively secured in the mouth. Single prosthetic teeth, i.e., crowns, traditionally require at least some portion of the natural tooth for fixed attachment thereto.
More recently, various implants have been developed that anchor directly into the mandibular or maxillary bone structure, with the prosthetic tooth or teeth being permanently or removably attached to the protruding abutment of the implant. Most such implants are relatively large and are not suitable for-the medically, financially, or anatomically compromised patient. The installation of such larger implants is a multi-step procedure, with the patient initially receiving oral surgery to open the gingival tissue and expose the underlying bone structure, whereupon the bone is drilled and tapped for the implant and the implant is installed. The patient must then wait for the soft tissue to heal and for a considerable period of time for the bone to grow around the implant and anchor the implant firmly in place. A subsequent visit is required after healing for the dentist to make an impression of the area in which the dental prosthesis is to be installed. The impression is then sent out to a dental laboratory for the manufacture of the dental prosthesis. Finally, the completed prosthetic tooth or other dental prosthesis is fit into place during still another visit to the dentist.
Even more recently, so-called "mini-implants" or mini dental implants have been developed. These relatively small implants do not require specific lying open of the gingival tissue or the drilling of relatively large holes in the bone structure. Rather, the small hole for the miniature implant can be drilled directly through the gingival tissue and into the underlying bone. The mini-implant can be placed or installed in most all compromised patients. This is a minimally invasive approach and even the medically compromised patient, and particularly the edentulous patient, can withstand the placement procedure due to the stability of the mini-implant and prosthesis. In cases where the procedure is for the reinstallation of a retrofit denture or prosthesis, the mini-implant(s) can be installed and the prosthesis installed thereon in a single visit to the dentist. In the case of a new denture, the mini-implant(s) are placed during one visit, and the impression for the prosthetic tooth or teeth is made during the same visit. The patient returns in only a few days later for the final fitting of the new prosthesis after it has been manufactured in the dental laboratory. As can be seen, the use of mini-implants greatly reduces the time and effort, and thus the cost, of implant placement, as well as greatly reducing the trauma to the patient.
However, many if not most such implants are of multiple piece construction, with a threaded implant portion having an upper end fitting generally flush with the exposed gingival surface and an abutment portion that attaches to the implant in some manner. Moreover, it has been recognized that some cushioning is desired between the removable dental prosthesis and the underlying abutment, implant, and bone structure, thus relieving the stress otherwise imposed upon the implant. This has been accomplished in the past by means of a small O-ring installed between the dental prosthesis and the abutment, which has proven to be less than satisfactory. In practice, these systems tend to collect food residue between the retainer cap and the spherical head of the abutment, thus preventing the ball of the abutment from seating completely and resulting in an unstable and poorly fitting dental prosthesis.”
[Dental Implants, US Patent 8,454,363 (6/4/2013)]
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Roger D. Corneliussen
Maro Polymer Links
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Copyright 2013 by Roger D. Corneliussen.
No part of this transmission is to be duplicated in any manner or forwarded by electronic mail without the express written permission of Roger D. Corneliussen
* Date of latest addition; date of first entry is 7/30/2013.